Science and history books feature prominent scientists and inventors. The same natural environment inspired their scientific beliefs.
10 Greatest Scientists
1. Madam Curie
This remarkable woman made radioactive discoveries as a child of academics. 1867-born Maria Salomea Sklodowska was Polish. After high school, she supported her sister’s medical education as a governess. After moving to Paris and studying uranium and pitchblende rays, the magic began. She shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre and Henri Becquerel for discovering polonium (named after her birthplace) and radium. In 1911, she received another Nobel Prize in Chemistry, shocking her audience. Only she has received Nobel Prizes in different sciences.
2. Albert Einstein
‘Einstein represents the latest, and perhaps only, physicist ever to emerge as a household name,’ says theoretical physicist James Overduin. Einstein, born in Ulm, Germany, in 1879, failed to get a job following his doctorate but is now a famous physicist. The prodigal paper explaining E=mc2 was his breakthrough. The photoelectric effect and photons are other findings. Astronomy revolves around special and general relativity. They showed that mass distorts space-time. A brilliant scientist won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.
3. Isaac Newton
The apple that dropped from the tree and discovered gravity is well known. After qualifying from Cambridge University, this Renaissance scientist invented gravity. Newton published Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica after a friend persuaded him. This book explained projectile flight and planet motion. Gravity controls both phenomena. Scientists prominent scientist tried unsuccessfully to create the philosopher’s stone.
4. Galileo Galilei
Medieval Europe’s renowned scientist’s discoveries were not well received. Galileo observed four Jupiter satellites using a telescope (developed by Hans Lippershey in 1608) on December 1, 1609. He disproved Nicolaus Copernicus by establishing the Sun is the core of the Solar System. “I thank the Almighty for helping me see through science and its wonders,” he wrote. Renaissance scientists inspired modern astronomy.
5. Charles Darwin
Darwin, who started out studying to become a priest, radically altered conventional wisdom about our origins. From 1831 forward, he explored the Southern Hemisphere aboard the HMS Beagle, collecting data on the region’s geology, vegetation, and animals. Because of his observations of finch behavior on the Galapagos Islands, he proposed that environmental circumstances, rather than scientists supernatural intervention, were responsible for the evolution of different species. This famous scientist’s work, “On the Origin of Species,” published in 1859, is widely credited as the origin of the Theory of Evolution.
6. Nicola Tesla
Engineer and Serbian immigrant Nikola Tesla (born in 1856 in the United States) has been a spark that has lit the way for several generations. Long distances throughout America were illuminated by his work on alternating currents. The Tesla coil was an electromagnetic high-voltage transformer. He went so far as to suggest wirelessly broadcasting energy extracted from the earth. Even if his work was forgotten Scientists, Tesla is now a household name. The most well-known electric vehicle in the world bears his name, and there’s even a Tesla comic book published by the American Physical Society.
7. Ada Lovelace
Lovelace, the child of poet Lord Byron, is often credited as the world’s first computer programmer. The large mechanical calculator (The Difference Engine) created by Charles Babbage in the 1830s was the catalyst for her epiphany. Within a short time, Babbage created the Analytical Engine, a machine that could answer any mathematical question. Lovelace’s program for this machine to solve a difficult mathematical problem is widely regarded as the very first computer program ever written.
It seems that stories of a genius who suddenly bursts out into the streets shouting “Heureka!” are popular with audiences everywhere. in his birthday attire. It’s found! The most famous Greek inventor and mathematician was this 4th-century BC Italian. Archimedes discovered the relationship between a sphere’s volume, surface, and circumscribing cylinder. All science students learn Archimedes’ hydrostatic principle. Some countries utilize the Archimedes screws or screw pump to pump the water from close to the bottom bodies of water to irrigation canals.
Most of us recollect our middle school mathematics professor drawing a triangle shape on the blackboard and teaching the Pythagoras theorem. The 6th-century BC scholar and mathematician established that the squares of the longest side of a triangle match the squaring of the other two sides. A2+b2=c2. Retired Portland State University historian Karen Eva Carr disagrees. The Babylonians and Egyptians used this theorem centuries before Pythagoras. The Scientists remains legendary. Pythagoras and Einstein curved space and time. The Pythagorean dictum “All is number” indicates that math explains everything.
10. Rosalind Franklin
This prodigal scientist, a superb chemist and X-Ray crystallographer, was initially overlooked for her DNA research. She took the best DNA molecule photograph in the 1950s at King’s College London. Maurice Wilkins, Francis Crick, and James Watson took credit for this revolutionary finding. In 1962, they won the Nobel Prize for characterizing DNA’s helix structure, citing Franklin’s “supporting work”. Franklin identified tobacco mosaic virus structure. “Though it’s her accomplishments that close colleagues valued, most recall Franklin for the way she was forgotten,” says Carl Engelking.