Top 10 Programming Languages For Blockchain Development



Blockchain technology has become increasingly popular over the past few years, and with it, the demand for skilled blockchain developers has grown as well. As blockchain technology evolves, so do the programming languages used to develop blockchain applications.

In this article, we will introduce the top 10 programming languages for blockchain development. These programming languages are ranked based on their popularity, community support, and relevance to blockchain development.

C++ language

In the computer industry, C++ is recognized for creating blockchains. C++ is popular because of its move semantics, advanced multi-threading, fundamental memory control, and object-oriented features like function overloading and runtime polymorphism.

These C++ OOPS features allow Blockchain app developers to mix operations and information in a single system as cryptographic chains form blocks. The popular Bitcoin was in the initial phase developed on C++.

Python Programing Language

Python is outpacing other computer languages in the software sector. Python is a good Blockchain programming language for beginners. Python’s interpreted nature makes it challenging to use with Blockchain’s complex cryptography operations.

Python development, an object-oriented language, helps manage performance overheads. Python also lets developers quickly prototype their ideas without coding. Python’s open-source backing makes it excellent for Blockchain development. Online Python extensions, frameworks, development manuals, and other resources solve most Blockchain project development issues.

Java Programing Language

Java rivals C++ in Blockchain development popularity and efficiency. The Java development API (Application Programming Interface) includes several Javascript codes, interfaces, packages, etc. So, developing applications without understanding their internal implementation is acceptable.

Java’s portability benefits Blockchain technology. Java applications are portable because they can be designed once and run anywhere. The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) runs on all systems; hence these programs don’t need a system-specific design. Java is ideal for Blockchain applications due to its versatility and other qualities.

Solidity fastest-growing smart contract programming language

Solidity (EVM) is the Blockchain’s fastest-growing smart contract programming language. It was launched by Ethereum, a Blockchain-based software platform and distributed computing platform that runs on the Ethereum Virtual Machine.

So, even if solidity was designed with Blockchain in mind, it is sufficient to deal with issues faced by developers. Solidity was built in the same vein as ECMAScript; therefore, it shares many of the same practical characteristics. 

Vyper: latest Blockchain programming language

Python 3 created Vyper, the latest Blockchain programming language. Vyper is Python 3 syntax-efficient but lacks all Python features. It’s used for EVMs like Solidity (Ethereum Virtual Machine). Solidity and Vyper have different switching mechanisms and handle security issues differently.

Vyper also has infinite permutations, recursive calling, modifiers, and other Solidity-like features. It eliminates these functionalities’ security issues. For Blockchain smart contract programming, explore Vyper.

PHP programming language

Canadian-Danish developer Rasmus Lerdorf created PHP in 1994. Zend Engine enables platform-independent, open-source PHP.

Its source distribution contains an extendable library to aid Blockchain developers. Online application developers recommend PHP, a popular Blockchain programming language. From 2014, PHP had a defined standard.

JavaScript Programing Language

NodeJS, a JavaScript runtime environment, makes JavaScript the most popular programming language among Blockchain engineers. JavaScript is pre-installed with most PCs, allowing users to construct innovative Blockchain applications.

Because every web system uses JavaScript, it has an advantage over other programming languages. As a result, JavaScript developers can focus on Blockchain application code without worrying about incorporation. The Sidechain Development Kit lets JavaScript developers build and distribute Blockchain apps.


Go is ideal for rapidly developing Blockchain systems. Go is ideal for constructing hyper ledger fabric, which underpins Blockchain apps.

Blockchain development is appropriate for statically typed, compiled Go. Generics, exceptions, annotations, classes, inheritance, constructors, and other speed-boosting features are included in Golang. Also, Go is easy to learn.


C#, C++, and Java share the same syntax suitable for Blockchain programming. C#, originally created for Microsoft, is now widely regarded as a top language for building Blockchain applications.

Open-source developers can write C# code that is compatible with a wide range of operating systems. C#, being an OOP language, allows blockchain developers to achieve optimal performance.


Rholang creates smart contracts well on Blockchain. This integrated rather than object-oriented programming language helps solve many Blockchain difficulties. Rholang apps evaluate the code as a series of tasks and execute them sequentially.

Rholang differs from Python and C, which employ variables to store and change data. Rholang, which uses functional rather than object-oriented programming, is the most popular Blockchain development program.


Ruby, invented in Japan by Yukihiro Matsumoto, provides great memory management. Developer-friendly and cross-platform, this language prioritizes efficiency and simplicity.

Ruby allows Blockchain development via APIs and plugins. Blockchain programming is cross-platform because it supports many paradigms. Developers can also mix the language with others to create a more stable platform.


Zilliqa supports Scilla, a new Blockchain programming language, for smart contract security and authentication. These verifications guarantee smart contracts before Blockchain commissions them.

Scilla eliminates universal audibility and decreases error-prone codes. The transitional Blockchain programming language is highly portable and compiled into bytecodes.


As time passes, it’s easy to see how Blockchain technology will continue to revolutionize how modern organizations transfer assets and data. In the same way, it affects cryptocurrencies; it will have far-reaching consequences for major industries like banking and the pharmaceutical industry.

In addition, there will be chances for those with expert-level expertise in a Blockchain programming language, as many Blockchain Development companies focus on this groundbreaking technology.


What programming languages are used for blockchain development?

There are several programming languages used for blockchain development, including Solidity, C++, JavaScript, Python, Go, Rust, and many others.

What is Solidity, and why is it so popular for blockchain development?

Solidity is a programming language specifically designed for writing smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain.

Do I need to be an expert programmer to develop blockchain applications?

While it certainly helps to have a strong background in programming, you don’t necessarily need to be an expert programmer to develop blockchain applications.

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